Pakistan is set to display an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar built in-house that would be used on the ground and in the air.
AESA is a second-generation phased radar that allows radio waves of different frequencies to be delivered in different directions without the antenna moving. AESA radars allow aeroplanes and ships to transmit strong signals while staying undetectable and unaffected by jamming.
Pakistan’s domestic AESA radar is being built by the Air Weapon Complex (AWC), a Pakistan Air Force (PAF) R&D centre, in partnership with the National University of Science and Technology, according to information (NUST).
Although full specifications of the radar are currently unknown, reports suggest that the AESA radar, which was created in-house, will employ the newest gallium nitride (GaN) transmit and receive modules, which are only possessed by a few countries.
S-band and X-band GaN transmit and receive modules were purportedly designed by AWC in late 2019 and early 2020, respectively.
Both modules serve various purposes. For target search and detection, the S-band module is employed in ground-based and aerial search radars. The X-band module, on the other hand, is connected with fire control because of its greater resolution.
The indigenous AESA radar is scheduled to make its formal debut on the JF-17 Block 4 fighter plane or the Project Azm fifth-generation stealth fighter jet.