Cotton, rice, and fruits and vegetables are the main exports, while wheat and wheat flour, vegetable oils, pulses, tea, and (sometimes) refined sugar are the main imports.
According to PBS data, exports of various food goods totaled $4,471.703 million from July to April 2021-22, compared to $3,717.328 million from July to April 2020-21.
Rice exports increased by 17.21 percent, from $1,750.045 million to $2,051.307 million, contributing to positive trade growth.
Exports of Basmati rice increased by 22.12 percent from $470.195 million to $574.220 million, while exports of other rice commodities increased by 15.41 percent from $1,279.850 million to $1,477.087 million.
Other food items that contributed to good growth included fruits, which jumped by 4.77 percent from $393.410 million to $412.187 million, and vegetables, which improved by 0.46 percent from $277.102 million to $278.365 million.
Leguminous vegetables (pulses) exports increased by 100 percent, from zero to $0.068 million; tobacco exports increased by 58.87 percent, from $27.799 million to $44.165 million; spices exports increased by 16.33 percent, from $77.187 million to $89.794 million; oil seeds, nuts, and kernals exports increased by 118.93 percent, from $84.595 million to $185.200 million; meat and meat preparations exports increased by 1.94 percent
Fish and fish preparations were among the food goods that contributed to negative trade growth, with exports falling by 0.73 percent from $351.997 million to $349.427 million.
Meanwhile, food commodity exports grew 35.71 percent year over year in April 2022 compared to the same month the previous year. Food exports totaled $523.946 million in April 2022, compared to $386.071 million in April 2021.
Food commodity exports climbed by 2.18 million in April 2022 compared to $512.751 million in March 2022, according to PBS.